Google has removed last year a batch of 813 "creepware" apps from the official Android Play Store following a report from a group of academics studying stalkerware-like apps.
The research behind last year's report has now been published online this month in a paper titled "The Many Kinds of Creepware Used for Interpersonal Attacks."
In the paper, academics from the New York University, Cornell Tech, and NortonLifeLock (formerly Symantec) analyzed so-called "creepware" apps.
The term creepware refers to mobile apps that don't possess the full features of a spyware or stalkerware product but they can still be used to stalk, harass, defraud, or threaten another person, directly or indirectly.
Technology increasingly facilitates interpersonal attacks such as stalking, abuse, and other forms of harassment. While prior studies have examined the ecosystem of software designed for stalking, there exists an unstudied, larger landscape of apps—what we call creepware—used for interpersonal...