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A Review of Censorship Circumvention Tools in Iran topic here ..


A Review of Censorship Circumvention Tools in Iran: on Freedom House, by payvand.com: http://payvand.com/blog/blog/2011/04/24/freedom-house-a-review-of-censorship-circumvention-tools-in-iran/

QUOTE:
'Freedom House: A Review of Censorship Circumvention Tools in Iran: [On Freedom House site you have this same review on a PDF read].

This report is intended for internet users from Iran. In Iran, access to websites and services may be blocked and monitored by the Iranian government. This report summarizes the characteristics of a number of tools you can easily use to circumvent the blocking and monitoring system in Iran, and will help you to choose the right tool for your situation.


A number of users from Iran have been surveyed regarding the circumvention tools they use, and regarding how people generally access the internet.

Freedom House has also tested a number of tools that you can use in Iran if your internet connection is blocked. Although some groups have a more elaborate system for evaluating circumvention tools (see, for instance Tor Project ). Freedom House has tested three critical things about common circumvention tools for use in Iran:

- Their usability
- Their safety and security
- Their performance

Freedom House has also asked people from Iran which tools they use, and how well they perform in these three areas.'

Anti Censorship Tools (by Freedom House):


Detailled descriptions and download links you have in this review, please.

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Look also on our MT topics, please:

* List of Best Search Engines on the Web: http://malwaretips.com/Thread-List-of-Best-Search-Engines-on-the-Web

* How to disable Geolocation - hide IP address: http://malwaretips.com/Thread-How-to-disable-Geolocation-hide-IP-address

* Private and Secure Anonymous Web Surfing: http://malwaretips.com/Thread-Private-and-Secure-Anonymous-Web-Surfing - with the detailled description of UltraSurf.;)
On UltraSurf site I read: 'Ultrasurf is a product of Ultrareach Internet Corporation. Originally created to help internet users in China find security and freedom online, Ultrasurf has now become one of the world's most popular anti-censorship, pro-privacy software, with millions of people using it to bypass internet censorship and protect their online privacy.' -Ok., users in China, but not only: in Iran too, of course ..:D
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So copy/paste here another parts of the article above:


Freenet
Freenet is free software which lets you anonymously share files, browse and publish “freesites” (web sites accessible only through Freenet) and chat on forums, without fear of censorship.


Google (Translate, Reader, Cache etc.)

Google Cache:
A user can access Googles cache servers to gather blocked content. To see the pointer to the cached content, the user needs to reach the Google search engine (so Google must not be blocked or this method to work).

Google Reader:
Google offers users the possibilityto subscribe to news feeds through Google Reader, which gathers data on the user behalf (it acts like a proxy), and lets the user read it through the Gmail web interface.

Google Translate:
Google’s translation service can be used to gather blocked content. By setting the source language to something diferent from what it is, and setting the target language to the actual source language.

Pro: No software needed to access block sites – Con: No security provided

GPass
- Support for streaming audio/video, email, instant messaging, download managers, as well as web surfing
- Encrypted socks tunnels and backup tunnels using Skype and Tor
- Integrated application firewall
- Green and free software: copy and run without installation
- English, Chinese, Farsi interface, Burmese manual

Pro: Latest tool and easy to use – Con: Unaudited software – download site is often blocked

JAP -- ANONYMITY & PRIVACY
Makes it possible to surf the internet anonymously and unobservably

Pro: Portable application, servers can be added manually – Con: A research project

Proxy
Proxy.org is the pragmatic Web surfer’s guide to online privacy and anonymous web surfing. We give you the information and tools you need to be confident and in command of your Web surfing experience.

Psiphon
Psiphon is a web-based proxy system that enables you to view Internet content that might be inaccessible in your region.

Pro: No software download, just clear the browser history – Cons: Not everyone in a blocked country knows someone that can provide access to a Psiphon node, use self-signed certifcate

Tor
Tor is free software and an open network that helps you defend against a form of network surveillance that threatens personal freedom and privacy, confidential business activities and relationships, and state security.

Pro: Advanceded project, highly distributed infrastructure Con: Slow, users need to finetune

About Ultrasurf and Ultrareach - Internet Freedom, Privacy, and Security
Dear Ultrasurf users:
Due to greatly increased demand in Iran, our servers with limited capacities have been overloaded and start crashing. As a result, you may experience slow response or disconnections, for which we apologize. We are working to deal with the problems and will keep you advised of the situation. In the meantime we thank our users for your patience and support. Making it possible for you to access to the internet and to bypass internet firewalls during hard times is why we have created Ultrasurf and why we are working so hard to expand, improve and protect its service.
Ultrasurf Team

Ultrasurf is a product of Ultrareach Internet Corporation. Originally created to help internet users in China find security and freedom online, Ultrasurf has now become one of the world’s most popular anti-censorship, pro-privacy software, with millions of people using it to bypass internet censorship and protect their online privacy.

Your Freedom
The Your Freedom services makes accessible what is unaccessible to you, and it hides your network address from those who don’t need to know.

Pro: Simple, extensive manual – Con: Focused on bypassing firewall not security of the user

VPN
A virtual private network (VPN) is a computer network that is constructed by using public networks or wires such as Internet to provide remote offices or individual users to get secure access to their organization’s network.

Source (Home link): Freedom House

Concluding recommendations


In closing, we draw your attention to the following recommendations from the Freedom House report:

- Many users prefer to have tools that perform at fast speeds. These are, however, not always the most secure options. It is important to understand the risks you potentially face when you attempt to circumvent your country’s blocking infrastructure.
- Many users seem to think that when they do things quickly, the government may not notice. This is not true most of the time, however. If the government is able to intercept your internet connection, they will be able to see what you were doing afterwards.
- While these tools may be able to hide what you are doing online, they cannot hide that a circumvention tool is being used. If your government can intercept your internet traffic, they will also be able to detect that you were circumventing their blocking infrastructure.
We wish you safe surfing and hope your government will consider providing free and unfiltered internet access to your country in the near future. For the full report and a discussion of all the tools mentioned here, please visit the Freedom House website."

_________________________________________________________________
Some interesting links for you:

Freedom of Speech - Human Rigts Freedom of Speech
: on Best Of Learn: Freedom Of Speech - Human Rights Freedom Of Speech
"Give me the liberty to know, to utter, and to argue freely according to conscience, above all liberties."
- but this article cannot be copied...

To Achieve Freedom for Iran and the Arab Nations, the Region Must Unite: on globalvoices.org: To Achieve Freedom for Iran and the Arab Nations, the Region Must Unite · Global Voices - Posted 21 January 2018
- so the home page of globalvoices.org: Global Voices · Citizen media stories from around the world
 
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Iran frees woman who took off headscarf - lawyer
BBC.com: Iran frees woman who took off headscarf - lawyer

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Image copyright Unknown

Image caption The woman became the face of protests in Iran late last year

An Iranian woman detained after defiantly taking off her headscarf and holding it on a stick in Tehran has been freed, a human rights lawyer says.
The woman - whose name remains unknown - became the face of protests in the country in December, and images of her were widely shared on social media.
Iranian officials have so far made no public comments on the issue.
Meanwhile, images of another three women repeating the act have gone viral after appearing on social media.
The three unidentified women were also protesting in the capital - one at what appeared to be the same spot as the woman pictured in December.

What did the lawyer say about the protester?
Nasrin Sotoudeh said she had seen an official dossier that showed the woman had been released. "The girl of the Enghelab Avenue has been released", Mrs Sotoudeh, a former political prisoner, wrote in a post on her Facebook page (in Persian) on Sunday.
She was referring to the avenue where the woman took off her headscarf - a punishable offence in Iran.
The lawyer said she had gone to the prosecutor's office to follow up the woman's case and had learned of her release the previous day.
"I hope they don't fabricate a legal case to harm her for using her basic rights," Mrs Sotoudeh wrote. "She has not done anything wrong to deserve prosecution."

The woman is believed to be the 31-year-old mother of a toddler.

How have Iranians reacted?
The woman has been the subject of a social media campaign in Iran following the anti-establishment protests at the end of last year in which at least 20 people died.
A hashtag in Persian asking about her whereabouts - and English-language equivalents #where_is_she and #WhereIsShe - have been used thousands of times on Twitter, as well as on other social media channels used in the country where dissent is often met with repression.

The photograph of the woman was first widely used in connection to the White Wednesday campaign in which women in Iran wear white to protest against the country's strict dress code.
Since the Iranian revolution in 1979, women have been forced to cover their hair according to Islamic law on modesty.

More on this story

Iranian hijab protester: Where is she?
23 January 2018


Woman becomes face of Iran protests despite not being there
03 January 2018


Six charts that explain the Iran protests
04 January 2018


Why thousands of young people are protesting in Iran
03 January 2018


Iran country profile
02 January 2018