Fears surrounding AI and cybersecurity reflect very real risks. AI-powered malware isn’t a threat we need to worry about right now, but attackers have become adept at manipulating AI systems to their own advantage, essentially turning them against users. Widespread manipulation of the algorithms used on social media is already causing problems in many parts of the world. And as sophisticated AI tools become freely available, it would be naive not to expect adversaries to take advantage of the technology.
But for now, we suspect that threat actors are using AI in rather indirect ways, such as for data analysis or by using tools to produce fake content. So although there are clear reasons for concern, AI is arguably more of a help to cybersecurity defenders than a threat, for the time being.